India has confronted many uprisings over the course of history. Although most of the intruders make their expectations clear right from the beginning,Independence Day India : Four things you should know about Partition and this historically important Articles the British managed to bring India under their control via a business enterprise. It all began with the British East India Company, which began as a mere combined-stock business, but eventually spread its fins and impact before the British government finally took control over the entire nation.
The British company had arrived as traders in India in the early seventeenth century but started to interfere in Indian matters all over the 1750s. It began to convert from a trading business into a ruling force after Plassey’s battle (1757).
As the British started to spread their tendrils over much of India, the exploitation of community resources and people started in full force. The British were worried about reorganizing their rule and strength.
The British rule had a detrimental effect on Indians ‘ cultural, economic and political life, eventually forcing popular masses and leaders to rise up in uprising against the British rule. Several industrial, racial, and political rebellions tore out against the British rule, but it was the 1857 revolt that proved to be a launch pad for all subsequent difficulties against British rule.
The ever-increasing knowledge, contact with the outside country, and the encouragement to free the mother country give rise to an ideological movement by the end of the nineteenth century that displaced British rule in 1947.
The History of British Colonialism in India
The British gained the respect of several local leaders during the fall of the Mughal Empire by providing them help against their opponents. Since the British were equipped with large cannons and major war innovations, their support confirmed helpful to many Indian rulers. The East India Company managed to create trading hubs in locations like Madras, Calcutta, and Bombay in exchange for their support. The British eventually began to lengthen their fortification. When Siraj-ud-daulah, Bengal’s Nawab, ask them to stop their modification, they defeated him in the Battle of Plassey (1757). This victory against Siraj-ud-daulah played an important role in conquering India as a whole.
Early Rebellions Against the British Rule
Many Indian rulers supported the British colonization in India for their short-term benefit, but many of them opposed the idea of foreign rule. This created a conflict between Indian rulers, which was further exploited to their advantage by the British. South Indian rulers such as Puli Thevar, Hyder Ali, Tipu Sultan, Pazhassi Raja, Rani Velu Nachiyar, Veerapandiya Kattabomman, Dheeran Chinnamalai, Maruthu Pandiyar, etc., revolted against the British and fought several wars and battles.
Many rulers like Hyder Ali and Dheeran Chinnamalai have enlisted the help of Maratha leaders in their battle against the British.
Agitated by the ill-impact of British rule on the social, cultural, tribal, and economic fabric of society, many people like Sidhu Murmu, Kanhu Murmu, and Tilka Manjhi stood up against British colonization.
While the British did manage to defeat bigger rulers like Tipu Sultan through local alliances (supporting one ruler against the other), they did not have to have problems suppressing regional agrarian and tribal rebellions. Not only did the British use better weapons, but they also resorted to devious tactics such as the’ divide and rule policy’ to consolidate their rule and power.
Although the British did their best to suppress rebellions across India, these revolts would not stop as the British not only given access citizens to foreign rule but also financially exploited workers.
The Revolt of 1857
Often referred to as the ‘ First War of Indian Independence, ‘ the 1857 revolt was the result of a series of incidents, but the immediate reason for the revolt was the issue of ‘ greased cartridges. ‘ The East India Company mistreated Indian soldiers and discriminated between Indian and European soldiers. While the soldiers knew the British were using factors such as religion and caste against them, the news of the newly introduced Enfield P-53 rifles using cartridges made of fat extracted from beef and pork sparked a widespread rebellion against the British. Since the soldiers had to bite the cartridge to load the rifle, it didn’t go well with the Hindu and Muslim soldiers as it hurt their religious belief. Since consuming beef and pork is contrary to the religious beliefs of Hindus and Muslims respectively, the allegation convinced Indian soldiers that the British were trying to convert them into Christians.