Fertilizers are the essential nutrients that plants require for healthy growth and development. They provide the necessary nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium and other trace elements that plants need to carry on photosynthesis, build strong roots, leaves, and stems, and produce fruits or flowers. Fertilizers can come in various forms, including organic and inorganic, chemical and natural, liquid or granular, and applied in different ways.
Fertilizers are a crucial ingredient in the production of crops and are used to add nutrients to the soil, which enriches the soil, increases the yield of crops, and enhances the overall quality of crops. However, using the wrong fertilizer or applying it at the wrong time or in the wrong
Types of fertilizers
1. Organic fertilizers: – are derived from natural sources such as animal, waste compost, or plant residues. They are usually slow-release and provide a range of macronutrients, micronutrients, and organic matter to the soil. One popular organic fertilizer is manure, which is rich in nitrogen, potassium, and other nutrients. Another organic fertilizer is bone meal, which is made from crushed animal bones and is rich in phosphorus. A third organic fertilizer is compost, which is made from decomposed plant and materials animal and provides a rich source of organic matter that enhances water retention, microbial activity, and soil structure.
2. Inorganic fertilizers: – also known as chemical fertilizers, are made from synthetic compounds that are formulated to provide specific nutrients. They are quickly absorbed by plants and can supply their macronutrient and micronutrient needs. Inorganic fertilizers come in several types such as nitrogen fertilizers, phosphorus fertilizers, and potassium fertilizers. Nitrogen fertilizers are the most commonly used type of inorganic fertilizer and are applied to crops to promote vegetative growth. Some nitrogen popular fertilizers are ammonium nitrate, urea, and ammonium sulfate. Phosphorus fertilizers are used to stimulate root growth, flower, and fruit formation and are often used to improve crop yield.